COUNCILS AND TOPICS REVEAL
COMBATING RACISM, XENOPHOBIA, AND RELATED INTOLERANCE
The issue of racism has been here for a long time. With the use of social media and the internet, it is easier to spread hate to minorities. People often associate racism with acts of abuse or harassment. However, it doesn’t need to involve violent or intimidating behavior. Take racial name-calling and jokes. Or consider situations when people may be excluded from groups or activities because of where they come from. The delegates of this committee must ensure that each and every citizen of this world received the liberties and freedoms guaranteed to them by the Declaration of Human Rights.
IMPROVING LITERACY RATES AMONG INDIGENOUS PEOPLE
UNESCO has been at the forefront of global literacy efforts since 1946, advancing the vision of a literate world for all. It views acquiring and improving literacy skills throughout life as an intrinsic part of the right to education. The “multiplier effect” of literacy empowers people, enables them to participate fully in society and contributes to improve livelihoods.Globally, however, at least 773 million youth and adults still cannot read and write and 250 million children are failing to acquire basic literacy skills. This results in an exclusion of low-literate and low-skilled youth and adults from full participation in their communities and societies. To advance literacy as an integral part of lifelong learning and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development(link is external), UNESCO takes the following approaches to promote literacy worldwide, with an emphasis on youth and adults.
ECONOMIC RECOVERY OF ASEAN COUNTRIES TO COPE WITH THE PANDEMIC
The pandemic COVID-19 takes a toll on the economy of the world and ASEAN countries are not excluded. With more and more sectors affected by this pandemic, people are struggling to even keep their jobs. The economic impact of COVID-19 is significant and broad-based. As disease outbreaks are not likely to disappear in the near future, delegates of ASEAN are required to come up with any proactive international actions that should be done to protect economic prosperity.
PROMOTING THE DEVELOPMENT AND ACCELERATED TRANSFER OF ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND TECHNOLOGIES FOR LOW CARBON AND CLIMATE RESILIENT DEVELOPMENT TO DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
Climate change has been on the forefront of the UN’s agenda for years. With conditions worsening more rapidly than ever, delegates of the UNEP must come together to discuss how to effectively develop and transfer environmentally friendly technologies to developing countries. This includes creating access to information and knowledge on climate technologies as well as improving local innovation capacities.
THE ISSUE OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION (WMDs)
The UN General Assembly (UNGA) is the main policy-making organ of the Organization. Comprising all Member States, it provides a unique forum for multilateral discussion of the full spectrum of international issues covered by the Charter of the United Nations. Each of the 193 Member States of the United Nations has an equal vote. For over 50 years, but especially since the end of the cold war, the United States and the Russian Federation (formerly the Soviet Union) have engaged in a series of bilateral arms control measures that have drastically reduced their strategic nuclear arsenals from a peak of around 60,000. The most recent of those measures, the New START Treaty, limits the number of deployed strategic nuclear weapons to 1,550 per State. New START is scheduled to expire in a month; should it expire without a successor or not be extended, it will be the first time that the strategic arsenals of the United States and the Russian Federation have not been constrained since the 1970s. This issue calls for global action, and the General Assembly is a critical opportunity for all to come together and chart a course for the future.